Dysphagia Lusoria is a rare medical condition involving an abnormal course of the right subclavian artery. Normally, the right subclavian artery branches directly from the aorta to supply blood to the right arm. However, in individuals with dysphagia lusoria, this artery takes an anomalous path, looping behind the esophagus instead of running in front of it. This anomaly can lead to compression or pressure on the esophagus, which can result in difficulty swallowing (dysphagia). Some other symptoms that can result from this abnormality are chest pain, especially when swallowing, gastrointestinal issues, chronic cough, choking sensation, regurgitation of food and weight loss due to the difficulty in eating.
Dysphagia lusoria is typically a congenital condition, meaning it is present from birth. It typically is first diagnosed when individuals show signs related to esophageal compression or those mentioned above. There are different treatment options to manage the symptoms depending on the patient’s situation, but they range from dietary modifications to surgical intervention to relieve esophageal pressure. If you suspect dysphagia lusoria, you should consult with you healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis.